Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED) are three building blocks of future success in life. They are closely linked to each other and often bracketed together as one area of learning and development.
Personal development (Being me) – how we come to understand who we are and what we can do, how we look after ourselves.
Social development (Being social) – how we come to understand ourselves in relation to others, how we make friends, understand the rules of society and behave towards others.
Emotional development (Having feelings) – how we come to understand our own and others’ feelings and develop our ability to ‘stand in someone else’s shoes’ and see things from their point of view, referred to as empathy.
Starting the process of successful PSED is essential for young children in all aspects of their lives. It will help them to:
relate well to other children and adults;
make friends and get on with others;
feel secure and valued;
explore and learn confidently; and ultimately to feel good about themselves.
Whilst the children have many opportunities throughout their daily life in school to develop PSED, here at Saint Monica's we also follow a scheme based on SEAL.
Theme 1 - New Beginnings
This theme focuses on developing children’s knowledge, understanding and skills in four key social
social and emotional aspects of learning: empathy, self-awareness, social skills and motivation.
The theme offers children the opportunity to see themselves as valued individuals within a community, and to contribute to shaping a welcoming, safe and fair learning community for all. Throughout the theme children explore feelings of happiness, excitement, sadness, anxiety and fearfulness, while learning (and putting into practice) shared models for ‘calming down’ and ‘problem solving’.
Theme 2 - Getting on and falling out
This theme focuses on developing children’s knowledge, understanding and skills in three key social and emotional aspects of learning: empathy, managing feelings (with a focus on anger) and social skills. It focuses on developing the ethos of the classroom – extending the work of Theme 1 New beginnings on cooperation and valuing diversity, and focusing on four key content areas: developing the social skills of friendship, working well together in a group, managing anger and resolving conflict.
Theme 3 - Say no to bullying
This theme aims to develop and revisit four of the key social and emotional aspects of learning covered in previous themes, through a focus on bullying – what it is; how it feels; why people bully; how we can prevent and respond to it; and how children can use their social, emotional and behavioural skills to tackle this crucial problem. The four aspects of learning in which knowledge, skills and understanding are developed are self-awareness, empathy, managing feelings and social skills.
Theme 4 - Going for goals
This theme focuses primarily on the key aspect of motivation, with a subsidiary focus on self-awareness. It gives an important opportunity for all children’s abilities, qualities and strengths to be valued. The theme provides opportunities for the children to reflect on themselves as individuals, particularly their strengths as learners and how they learn most effectively.
Theme 5 - Good to be me
This theme is the first of two focusing specifically on feelings. It explores feelings in the context of the child as an individual, developing self-awareness and helping the child to realise that it really is ‘Good to be me’. The theme is about understanding our feelings as well as considering our strengths and weaknesses as learners. It aims to develop knowledge, understanding and skills in three key social and emotional aspects of learning: self-awareness, managing feelings and empathy. Theme
Theme 6 - Relationships
This theme is the second of two focusing specifically on feelings. It explores feelings within the context of our important relationships including family and friends. The theme aims to develop knowledge, understanding and skills in three key social and emotional aspects of learning: self-awareness, managing feelings and empathy.
In addition, there is a focus throughout the theme on helping children understand the feelings associated with an experience that we all need to cope with at some time: that of loss – whether of a favourite possession, a friend, a family home, or a loved one.
Learning Opportunities for the Early Years Foundation Stage are described below.
Theme 7 Changes
This theme tackles the issue of change and aims to equip children with an understanding of different types of change, positive and negative, and common human responses to it.
The theme seeks to develop children’s ability to understand and manage the feelings associated with change. It aims to develop knowledge, skills and understanding in three key social and emotional aspects of learning: motivation, social skills and managing feelings.